While Lando recipes set sane defaults so they work out of the box, they are also configurable.

Here are the configuration options, set to the default values, for this recipe's Landofile. If you are unsure about where this goes or what this means, we highly recommend scanning the recipes documentation to get a good handle on how the magicks work.

recipe: mean
  node: 10
    - npm install
  command: npm start
  database: mongo:4.0
  globals: []
  port: '80'
  ssl: false
    database: SEE BELOW

Note that if the above config options are not enough, all Lando recipes can be further extended and overriden.

Choosing a node version

You can set node to any version that is available in our node service. However, you should consult the requirements for whatever you are running to make sure that version is actually supported.

The recipe config to set the MEAN recipe to use node version 8 is shown below:

recipe: mean
  node: 8

Installing application dependencies

Because most MEAN projects will require you npm install before they can start successfully, Lando will automatically run npm install before it runs what you specify as your commmand. You can, however, alter this to whatever you need.

recipe: mean
    - yarn install
  command: yarn dev

Note that a good rule of thumb is that build should install whatever node dependencies you need to start your app. If you require other non-node dependencies like server packages, consider using a build step.

Setting a command

By default, your MEAN recipe will attempt to start the node service by running npm start. You can easily change this any other command.

Running a node script directly

recipe: mean
  command: node /app/server.js

Running the yarn dev script

recipe: mean
  command: yarn dev

Note that whatever command you specify, you will want to make sure build is also set to something that makes sense.

Choosing a database backend

By default, this recipe will use the default version of our mongo service as the database backend but you can also switch this to use mysql, mariadb or 'postgres' instead.

Note that you can also specify a version as long as it is a version available for use with lando for either mongo, mysql, mariadb or postgres.

Using mongo (default)

recipe: mean
  database: mongo

Using MySQL

recipe: mean
  database: mysql

Using MariaDB

recipe: mean
  database: mariadb

Using Postgres

recipe: mean
  database: postgres

Using a custom version

recipe: mean
  database: postgres:9.6

Installing global dependencies

You can also use the globals key if you need to install any global node dependenicesopen in new window. This follows the same syntax as your normal package.jsonopen in new window except written as YAML instead of JSON.

An example of globally installing the latest gulp-cli is shown below:

recipe: mean
    gulp-cli: latest

See install global node dependencies for more info.

Using SSL

Also note that ssl: true will only generate certs in the default locations and expose port 443. It is up to the user to use the certs and secure port correctly in their application like the node snippet below:

// Get our key and cert
const key = fs.readFileSync('/certs/cert.key')
const cert = fs.readFileSync('/certs/cert.crt'),

// Create our servers
https.createServer({key, cert}, app).listen(443);

// Basic HTTP response
app.get('/', (req, res) => {
  res.header('Content-type', 'text/html');
  return res.end('<h1>I said "Oh my!" What a marvelous tune!!!</h1>');

Setting a port

While we assume your MEAN app is running on port 80, we recognize that many node apps also run on port 3000 or otherwise. You can easily change our default to match whatever your app needs.

recipe: mean
  port: '3000'

Connecting to your database

Lando will automatically set up a database with a user and password and also set an environment variable called LANDO INFO that contains useful information about how your application can access other Lando services.

The default database connection information for a MEAN site is shown below:

Note that the host is not localhost but database.

host: database

# mongo
user: root
password: none
port: 27017

# mysql/mariadb
# database: mean
# username: mean
# password: mean
# port: 3306

# postgres
# database: mean
# username: postgres
# password: none
# port: 5432

You can get also get the above information, and more, by using the lando info command.

Using custom config files

You may need to override our default MEAN configopen in new window with your own.

If you do this, you must use files that exist inside your application and express them relative to your project root as shown below:

A hypothetical project

Note that you can put your configuration files anywhere inside your application directory. We use a config directory but you can call it whatever you want such as .lando in the example below:

|-- config
   |-- my-custom.cnf
|-- index.php
|-- .lando.yml

Landofile using custom mean config

recipe: mean
    database: config/my-custom.cnf